Tribulus Terrestris: Aphrodisiac, Steroid
is a prostrate annual herb belonging to the Zygophyllaceae
family of flowering plants. It is commonly known
as Puncture Vine, Caltrop, Yellow Vine and Goathead.
The herb is found in warm temperate and tropical
regions of the world in Southern Europe, South
Asia, Africa and Northern Australia. It is found
in abundance in sandy oils throughout India, Pakistan
and Sri Lanka. It is also known to thrive in desert
climates and poor quality soil.
The principal constituent of Tribulus Terrestris
is harmine and has been used in traditional medicine
in India and China for centuries. It is a diuretic
drug and is used to treat urolithiasis, dysurea,
infertility, erectile dysfunction and impotence.
It has also become popular as a drug known to
improve sports performance. It can be used by
both men and women.
Research shows that Tribulus terrestris increases
levels of the hormones testosterone, DHEA and
estrogen. In Indian Ayurveda the herb is known
as gokshura and is widely used in tonics and capsules.
Benefits of Tribulus terrestris
· The active compounds in Tribulus terrestris
are known as steroidal saponins and are found
primarily in the leaf of the plant. The herb is
known for its tonic and aphrodisiac properties,
is known to increase the quantity of semen and
helps in the treatment of genitourinary tract
· Tribulus terrestris increases testosterone
levels. Besides muscle-building and raising fertility
and libido, testosterone also has a positive effect
on the bone marrow activity and enhances red blood
cell production thereby boosting the immune system.
· Tribulus terrestris is also known to
enhance sports performance and body weight composition.
· The roots and fruit of Tribulus terrestris
are sweet, laxative, cardiotonic, appetizer and
lithontriptic in nature. Vitiated conditions of
vat and pitta, renal and vesical calculi, anorexia,
, helminthiasis, cough and asthma can be treated
by the herb.
· The seeds are known for their astringent
and strengthening properties and are useful in
epistaxis, hemorrhages and ulcerative stomatitis.
· The ash of Tribulus terrestris is good
for external application in rheumarthritis.
· Tribulus terrestris enhances mental
concentration, focus and mood, its melatonin component
helps you treat sleep disorders, enhances vision,
acts as a food supplement and increases energy
Tribulus terrestris is taken as a dose between
85 to 250 mg three times a day with meals. But
before consuming the drug one must consult his
· Tribulus terrestris is nor advisable
for pregnant or nursing women.
· People with hormone dependent conditions
such as breast or prostrate cancer should not
consume the drug.
· The drug is known to cause a toxic effect
in sheep resulting in a chronic, progressive,
irreversible disorder in the dopamine circuits
of the nigrostriatal complex in the brain leading
to impaired muscle function and weakness in the
hindquarters eventually leading to death.
Medical literature does not claim to have any
reports of Tribulus terrestris side effects till
date. Little is known about the long-term use
of this drug in humans. However, high doses of
Tribulus terrestris can lead to a feeling of restlessness,
insomnia and rapid heart beat. Excessive use of
the drug can also result in increased body temperature.